When was Mercedes Founded? Mercedes-Benz commonly referred to as Mercedes and sometimes as Benz, is a German luxury and commercial vehicle automotive brand established in 1926. Mercedes-Benz AG (a Mercedes-Benz Group subsidiary established in 2019) is headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Mercedes-Benz AG produces consumer luxury vehicles and light commercial vehicles badged as Mercedes-Benz.
From November 2019 onwards, Mercedes-Benz-badged heavy commercial vehicles (trucks and buses) are managed by Daimler Truck, a former part of the Mercedes-Benz Group turned into an independent company in late 2021. In 2018, Mercedes-Benz was the largest brand of premium vehicles in the world, having sold 2.31 million passenger cars.
The brand’s origins lie in Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft’s 1901 Mercedes and Carl Benz’s 1886 Benz Patent-Motorwagen, which is widely regarded as the first internal combustion engine in a self-propelled automobile. The slogan for the brand is “the best or nothing”.
When was Mercedes Founded?
Most people know that Mercedes-Benz vehicles are both powerful and luxurious. However, many wonder, “Where is Mercedes-Benz from?” Mercedes-Benz was originally a part of the Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft (DMG) and was founded in Stuttgart, Germany. The Mercedes-Benz headquarters and its main production facilities are still in Stuttgart today. Learn more about the Mercedes-Benz brand and its production locations below from the team at Mercedes-Benz of Chicago!
Additional Mercedes-Benz Production Locations
While Mercedes-Benz still manufactures vehicles in Stuttgart, the luxury brand has also vastly expanded with facilities in about 22 countries. Some of these countries include the U.S., Hungary, Romania, South Africa, and China. Models like the GLE, GLS, and C-Class are manufactured in the U.S., while other countries produce assorted models. Below is an overview of where certain Mercedes-Benz vehicles and OEM parts are manufactured:
- Hungary: employs about 4,000 employees; manufactures the Mercedes-Benz B-Class, CLA, CLA Shooting Brake
- Romania: employs about 3,000 employees; manufactures transmissions, engine, and transmission parts
- China: builds the Mercedes-Benz C-Class, E-Class, GLA, GLC, and engines
- South Africa: builds the Mercedes-Benz C-Class
History of Mercedes-Benz
The first Mercedes-Benz vehicles were created by Karl Benz. In 1901, he created the Benz Patent Motorwagen, which was the first gasoline car and introduced it to the public under Daimler Motors Corporation. Then, in 1902, an Austrian automobile entrepreneur, Emil Jellinek, trademarked the name “Mercedes” after Mercedes Jellinek, his daughter. Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler later combined their companies in 1926, and thus began the production of the first brand-name Mercedes-Benz models.
Daimler Benz AG and the Evolution of Mercedes Benz Vehicles
Mercedes and Daimler were competitors until the 1920s. But the first World War impacted the automotive industry a lot – therefore, Benz & Cie and DMG decided to merge. They created Mercedes Benz Automobil GmbH, and the combined business model was then able to coordinate production techniques, designs, sales, advertising, and purchasing, working to take over the market.
Becoming One Motor Company
In 1926, they became one company officially, forming the Daimler Benz AG company. In October of the same year, Mercedes Benz brand models were already being presented at the Berlin Motor Show.
The 770 Model
Mercedes Benz became more and more popular over the years due to their car models. The 770 model is one of the most popular vehicles in the history of Mercedes, as it was used during the Nazi period of Germany. Even Adolf Hitler has driven some of these cars while he was in power, and the windshields were bulletproof. One such model can be seen at the Ottawa War Museum.
In 1999, Mercedes AMG became a Mercedez Benz majority-owned division. It was integrated into DaimlerChrysler in that same year but then became Mercedes Benz AMG.
Other Popular Mercedes Benz Models
Carl Benz, Wilhelm Maybach, Gottlieb Daimler, and Emil Jellinek led to the creation of even more popular Mercedes Benz cars, though. Some other popular models were the Benz Motor Velocipede, S Class, Silver Arrows, Mercedes Benz 260 D, Mercedes Benz SL, 600 Pullman, E Class, C Class, EQC, and others. The W136 was also the first diesel engine passenger car they produced in 1936.
The Company’s Influence on Today’s Vehicles
When talking about the history of the brand, most people like to mention the first Daimler car, the story of Carl Benz, or the overall early engine development. Still, many forget to mention the influence of the early models on the commercial vehicles we drive today.
Carl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler, Emil Jellinek, and Wilhelm Maybach all contributed to the way cars look today. Without them, passenger cars may have not been the same.
Nowadays, we have a motor vehicle company that is not only popular all over the world but is also known as a high-quality car company. Mercedes Benz now has factories and dealerships all over the planet.
Karl Benz and Bertha Benz
10 years after Daimler’s birth, in 1844, Karl Benz was born, and he would be the one creating the first internal combustion engine, which could be found in the Benz Patent motor car. He was born in Karlsruhe, Germany on November 25. He wasn’t part of the wealthiest family, and his father passed away only two years after he was born.
Even though they were not rich, Benz’s mother still helped him go to grammar school. Later on, she supported him in going to mechanical engineering studies.
He loved motor cars, and he was always thinking of them even though he worked as a locksmith, designer, and workshop foreman.
Benz’s First Company
Together with August Ritter, his mechanic, he established his first company in 1871, but Ritter decided to leave not long after. The workshop was only run by Karl Benz alone, and he was working hard on the gas-driven two-stroke engine. This would help him create an engine that would let a vehicle run without requiring horses. The first time the engine ran was on New Year’s Eve 1879.
In October 1882, Benz established Gasmotorenfabrik Mannheim or the Mannheim Gas Engine Factory. But because the other shareholders wanted to focus more on the stationary gas engines and not motor car engines, Benz left the company.
Benz’s Third Company and the Two-Stroke System Benz Engine
Karl Benz then founded the Benz & Cie. Rheinische Gasmotoren-Fabrik Mannheim with Friedrich Wilhelm Esslinger and Max Rose in 1883. The two-stroke System Benz engine was launched while he worked with this company.
The brand grew significantly, actually turning into the largest German engine manufacturer. Not only that, but at the end of the century, it became the leading automobile producer in the world. The Velocipede’s production led to the company’s economic breakthrough with automobiles. It was made between 1894 and 1901, and it is thought to have been the first automobile that was mass-produced. Almost 1,200 pieces were created.
Benz’s Last Company and His Wife’s Involvement
Benz opened the new company Carl Benz Söhne company in 1906, and it was his last company. After 6 years, he gave his sons management control. He passed away in 1929, but until then, he worked for his last company and was even a Daimler Benz board member.
Bertha Benz, Karl’s wife, was also a big reason we got Mercedes cars today. She married him in 1872 and decided to invest her dowry and inheritance into the automobile businesses of her husband while giving him emotional support. She was also the first individual to drive an automobile fueled by petrol.
Emil Jellinek was a salesman and he was also a big part of the Mercedes Benz story. He was always interested in vehicles – therefore, he was involved in the automobile industry.
He started dealing with cars seriously in 1898, especially Daimler car models. He started asking DMG for faster and more powerful cars, which could be used in races.
How the Name Mercedez Benz Came Into Being
Mercedes, which was his daughter’s name, became a product name in April 1900. Wilhelm Maybach was the one who developed the first Daimler Mercedes vehicle, and it is considered the first modern automobile.
Emil used these models in the 1901 Nice Week, making other drivers interested in these motor cars. Mercedes became a registered and legally protected brand name in 1902. This is why we have the name Mercedes Benz today.
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