How many miles can a Tesla go? Tesla produces electric vehicles, and the company has become synonymous with electric luxury. Tesla models are unique in design, but they also offer power and a long range. Tesla’s electric options aren’t sluggish on the acceleration, and many models also include different trim options that can bump the range or the power.
Tesla doesn’t just offer electric cars. The company also provides sustainable power through solar panels and solar roofs. Tesla also is very well known for its pioneering founder, Elon Musk, who also founded SpaceX and created Starlink (which is manufactured by SpaceX).
He also made headlines for buying enough Twitter stock to become the majority stakeholder in the company. Musk agreed to serve on the board but then backed out.
Those who are researching electric vehicle options will discover that a Tesla model isn’t necessarily designed to be a budget-friendly vehicle. However, most electric vehicles on the market are a higher investment than their standard fuel-powered counterparts.
How many miles can a Tesla go?
Tesla just upped the mileage ranges for each car, and while the increases are minor, a mere 5 miles can make or break your drive to your next charge.
As previously stated, the battery in any Tesla car will last at least 267 miles on a single charge. Various factors determine the range of batteries. These are how you drive and the size of your battery. The most extended range Tesla currently offers is roughly 375 miles per full charge.
Tesla modifies the available mile range based on current driving circumstances, precisely like a gasoline engine. It may claim you have 250 miles on a full charge, but it could be less if you constantly stomp on the pedal and drive furiously.
What determines the Range for each Tesla Model?
The range of your Tesla is determined by the car’s Model, battery size, and how you drive.
Model of your Tesla
The size of the battery is one of the most critical factors in determining the cost of an electric car; the bigger the battery, the greater the range (but the higher the price).
The Model 3 car is an excellent alternative if you want to purchase a Tesla for your everyday commute or simply running errands. In terms of practicality and economics, it’s comparable to the Nissan Leaf or Chevy Volt, but the Tesla is sleeker and aesthetically appealing.
Like the Model S, long-range models provide unrivaled performance, accelerating from 0 to 60 miles per hour in as low as 3.1 seconds. So, if you’re looking for an electric car that outperforms its gasoline-powered equivalents, a Long-Range Model is a perfect option.
The Plaid Model is comparable to the Long Range but with additional amenities such as improved interior appearance, a carbon fiber spoiler, and improved traction control. The Performance Model accelerates even faster, from 0 to 60 mph in just 1.99 seconds. The Plaid is not your average commute car, but it is the one to choose if you want performance and style.
Size of the Battery
The battery size also influences the car’s mileage range. The Model 3 has the lowest battery and can go up to 267 miles on a single charge, whereas the Model S Long Range has a larger battery and can travel up to 375 miles on a single charge.
However, the battery capacity determines the car’s price; the Model 3 Standard Range has the smallest battery, giving it the most affordable alternative at around $40710. The Model S Long Range is expected to cost around $84510.
You can purchase an EV battery with a large battery capacity that can hold a charge for a long time or one that can be charged rapidly with most EV batteries. The good news is that you can have both with a Tesla car!
How you Drive your Tesla
It’s crucial to remember that, like classic internal combustion engine cars, your car’s battery will drain more quickly and won’t last the entire range if you drive fast all the time.
Your battery will also expend more power when driving in less-than-ideal conditions, such as snowy or wet weather. Driving into a headwind or in sub-zero temperatures might further reduce your range.
You’ll be less likely to have range issues if you drive at a reasonable speed, maintain the tires well inflated, brake softly, and eliminate unnecessary weight within the car. And, as with any car, the manner you maintain and care for your Tesla will extend the life of both the car and the battery.
Range of Tesla battery
Based on the average number of miles driven by Americans in a year, usually around 143100, Tesla car batteries are believed to last 300,000-500,000 miles or around 21-36 years. Keep in mind that the number can change depending on various factors, including the mileage range.
Tesla is rumored to be working on a battery that can travel a million miles. However, existing batteries are not yet capable of lasting a million miles, and the car may require a battery change at some point during its lifetime.
Because so few EV batteries have been replaced, a replacement battery for a Model 3 car costs $5,000 to $7,000. The costs of replacing batteries are predicted to reduce as the cost of batteries decreases. People are spending tens of thousands of dollars on a new batteries in increasing numbers.
Although there is a lot of contradicting information about expenses, a Tesla battery may still be able to function after 500,000 miles – albeit with a lower mileage range per charge.
Recharging electric car batteries strains the battery’s life and ability to maintain a charge, especially if the battery runs out of power and is fully refilled every day. On the plus side, this is improbable unless you drive 300 miles or more every day.
You can also expect consistent performance from your battery over time.
According to research, an average Tesla battery degrades by 10% after 160,000 miles. That indicates that after all of those miles traveled, the battery’s performance and energy density are 10% lower than when it was at its pinnacle.
Tesla Changes the EV Industry
Founded in 2003 by a group of investors who felt the true potential of EVs had yet to be discovered, Tesla set out to build a “better, quicker, and more fun to drive.” Elon Musk, the now ubiquitous face of Tesla, did not enter the picture until 2004 with an investment of $30 million.
The first Teslas to hit the road were the Lotus-based Roadster models, essentially a Lotus Elise of the era with a battery pack and electric motors where the internal combustion engine would reside.
The first-generation Tesla Roadster was produced and sold from 2008 until 2012, which was when the production of Tesla’s first ground-up designed car, the Model S, would enter the market.
From there, Tesla expanded their lineup to include their first crossover, Model X, their first entry level car for the masses, Model 3, and subsequent crossover version, Model Y. Tesla is also currently building the production facility for the upcoming Cybertruck just outside of Austin, Texas.
Tesla’s build quality
It has been noted over the years that the Achilles heel to the leader in EVs is Tesla’s service, parts, and build quality. From inconsistent panel gaps, to condensation buildup in tail lights, Teslas show issues that many car buyers in 2021 take for granted as having already been solved.
However, since Tesla has only been making and selling vehicles since 2008, they are still in a steep learning curve that other manufacturers have already experienced in their 100+ years of existence.
One big thing that Teslas, and other EVs, have in their favor is the long-term cost of ownership. While usually more expensive to purchase outright, tax incentives as well as overall vehicle complexity being lower in EVs, the cost of ownership should be cheaper for EVs in the long-term.
A test by Car and Driver examined this theory, finding that a Mini Electric was “a mere $358 cheaper to own and operate over the first three years than its electric counterpart—essentially a wash.”
However, they noted that the EVs they tested were not designed to be EV-only and do have gasoline powered counterparts, which can inhibit overall efficiencies.
Dedicated EVs, like Teslas, have been designed and engineered to get the most out of the electrons powering them and will save you money over a comparable gas-powered car when maintenance is concerned. Say goodbye to oil changes and fuel-system maintenance.
Charging options for Tesla
Each Tesla is equipped with a particular lithium-ion battery depending on the car’s desired functionality, such as energy storage, speed, and charge time. A 100kWh battery pack is available for the Model S and Model X, allowing them to go further on a single charge.
The charger you use determines the time it takes to charge your car battery. Tesla, unfortunately, do not come with a wall charger; you must purchase one separately. On the other hand, a mobile charger is included as a backup option.
Tesla Superchargers can be found in high-traffic areas for Tesla owners to use for a fee when they need a charge when they aren’t at home. They are becoming more widely available worldwide and can charge cars for up to 200 kilometers in 15 minutes. On the other hand, using these charging stations is stressful on your battery and should be used rarely to preserve its life and functionality.
The cost of a charge
Compared to the competition, Tesla models offer a decent estimated range. Vehicle owners often elect to install a charging station at home to ensure that their car is fully charged before hitting the road. Kelley Blue Book (KBB) explains that installing a Level 2 charge will cost about $2,000.
The price to charge an electric vehicle depends on the price of electricity. Electricity is charged per kilowatt hour, and prices may vary across the country. To estimate the cost of charging, assume that the vehicle gets about three or four miles per kWh.
KBB interviewed John Voelcker, an auto journalist and expert, who explained that drivers need to find the electric bill and divide the number of kilowatt-hours by three to get the price paid per kWH to find the total cost of charging their vehicle every month.
While charging at home is fairly cost efficient, public charging stations typically charge a higher price per kWh. While plugging into one of these stations could be unavoidable, car owners should try to charge their vehicle at home as much as possible.
Some areas might not have many public stations, and this could be an issue for electric car owners who are on a road trip. Mapping out charging stations before going on a road trip might be necessary so that drivers don’t find themselves stranded with a drained battery.
The other perceived issue of EVs is battery degradation, or capacity loss. Anyone with an old smartphone or laptop knows that the older their device gets, the more they find themselves tethered to a plug. This can be acceptable in computing devices, but not in the machine designed to take you places.
Two factors play into how quickly a battery degrades, or loses capacity:
- Cyclic aging – how many times the battery has been used and recharged
- Calendar aging – how long it has been since the battery was manufactured
The longer claimed range an EV has, in theory, the less it will need to be recharged thus reducing the impact of cyclic aging leaving the only concern to be the overall age of the batteries.
We are still learning a lot about the impacts of long-term real-world usage of EVs, in particular Teslas as they have only been around since 2008. Gruber Motor Company, the first viable commercial independent Tesla service organization, has learned a lot from their position as the leader in aging Tesla battery repairs.
Pete Gruber, founder and CEO of Gruber Motor Company, says they are “writing the book on the entire battery issues in electric vehicles because they have not been around long enough to give us any type of a benchmark.”
He notes that the initial projections of the first Tesla Roadster batteries were ten years, but with many being over thirteen years old and still going strong, there is much still to be learned about this battery technology.
Gruber cites used Toyota Prius models that should be worth $6,000 or more selling for as little as $500 online due to their failed battery packs that would cost $5,500 to replace.
Similar issues are arising in older Tesla Model S vehicles at this point; taking an otherwise valuable vehicle down to a cheap $9,995 due to the $20,000 Tesla-quoted battery replacement price.
Gruber Motor Company can do the necessary repairs (not replacement) for around $5,000, making these particular Model S vehicles a steal if you know where to take it for the necessary repairs.
The future of Tesla batteries is also very bright, leading to batteries with even longer expected lifespans. Tesla has teased the world with the possibility of a million-mile battery at their September 22, 2020 Battery Day presentation.
Estimated driving range Vs. the real one
When you read vehicle specifications to compare the models, the driving range always comes with an asterisk saying “EPA-estimated”, which is vital to keep in mind. The Environment Protection Agency (EPA) rates the cars according to in-room dynamometer tests. The vehicle stays in the test room, and its wheels rotate, delivering this “theoretical” range number without touching a real road.
EPA tests are fair for independent ratings as they test the rides in similar conditions. For EVs, they charge cars in the evening and run tests in the morning to imitate cold starts and turn on the conditioner for some time.
For gas vehicles, the real mileage you get from an actual road test is similar to the theoretical one, but for EVs, the difference can be enormous. Depending on the outside temperature, wind, and road surface, it could be more than 40%. So don’t be disappointed when you drive in winter and your battery is actively consumed by heating and windage.
Other extra loads on the motor – like driving in the mountains or carrying a heavy trailer also decrease your driving range. Additionally, regularly using level three stations of fast charging could degrade the battery and lessen the mileage.
How does Tesla improve the driving range?
While increasing the driving range, Tesla makes yearly improvements, focusing on several things. First, there’s vehicle mass reduction without compromising the comfort and safety of the driver and passengers. For that, the company uses lightweight construction materials and lighter interior details like car seats.
Then there’s the aerodynamic drag reduction due to improved wheels and tires. Innovations in drivetrain and oil pumps also make the car work more effectively and save energy. Each of these add about 2% to the efficiency while increasing battery capacity. However, not increasing battery weight works better than any other option.
The Model S Plaid Plus announced before was supposed to become the most expensive sedan of the family and should’ve had the longest driving range of 520 miles and acceleration from 0 to 60 mph in less than 2 seconds. But it got canceled, as Elon Musk considered the current one offered enough benefits to the driver.
How many miles can a Tesla go fully charged?
On a single charge, the smallest Tesla battery capacity (in the Model 3) will last for 262 miles. The highest range Tesla offers is 405 miles for one full charge of their Model S battery.
How long does charging a Tesla take?
The Model Y and most versions of the Model 3 get 44 miles per hour. A full charge will take about eight to 10 hours, depending on the Tesla vehicle. Assuming you charge while you sleep, there’s no real waiting to speak of.
Are Tesla charging stations free?
In most cases, Tesla charging isn’t free. There were also some free Supercharging credits previously given by Tesla for referrals. If you do have any free Supercharging miles available, they’ll show up in your Tesla account. Destination charging is usually free, though.
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